Hunter, Matthew Albert

Hunter, Matthew Albert
SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy
b. 9 November 1878 Auckland Province, New Zealand
d. 24 March 1961 Troy, New York, USA
New Zealand/American technologist and academic who was a pioneer in the production of metallic titanium.
Hunter arrived in England in 1902, the seventh in the succession of New Zealand students nominated for the 1851 Exhibition science research scholarships (the third, in 1894, having been Ernest Rutherford). He intended to study the metallurgy of tellurides at the Royal School of Mines, but owing to the death of the professor concerned, he went instead to University College London, where his research over two years involved the molecular aggregation of liquified gases. In 1904–5 he spent a third year in Göttingen, Paris and Karlsruhe. Hunter then moved to the USA, beginning work in 1906 with the General Electric Company in Schenectady. His experience with titanium came as part of a programme to try to discover satisfactory lamp-filament materials. He and his colleagues achieved more success in producing moderately pure titanium than previous workers had done, but found the metal's melting temperature inadequate. However, his research formed the basis for the "Hunter sodium process", a modern method for producing commercial quantities of titanium. In 1908 he was appointed Assistant Professor of Electrochemistry and Physics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, where he was to remain until his retirement in 1949 as Dean Emeritus. In the 1930s he founded and headed the Institute's Department of Metallurgical Engineering. As a consultant, he was associated with the development of Invar, Managanin and Constantan alloys.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
1851 Great Exhibition science research scholar 1902–5. DSc London University 1904. American Die Casting Institute Doehler Award 1959. American Society for Metals Gold Medal 1959.
1910, "Metallic titanium", Journal of the American Chemistry Society 32:330–6 (describes his work relating to titanium production).
Further Reading
1961, "Man of metals", Rensselaer Alumni News (December), 5–7:32.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matthew Albert Hunter — (1878 à Auckland 24 mars 1961 à New York) est un chimiste qui a purifié à 99.9 % le titane en 1910. Portail de la chimie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matthew A. Hunter — Born 1878 Auckland, New Zealand Died …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Cowley — edit data …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Rose (EastEnders) — Matthew Rose EastEnders character Portrayed by Joe Absolom Duration 1997–2000 First appearance 26 August 1997 Last appearance …   Wikipedia

  • Albert Finney — (né le 9 mai 1936 à Salford) est un acteur britannique. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Préambule 1.2 L héritier des monstres sacrés 1.3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matthew Ferguson (Australian footballer) — Matthew Ferguson Personal information Birth 1 October 1984 (1984 10 01) (age 27) Recruited from Gippsland / Heyfield Height and weight 187cm / 87kg Playing career¹ Debut …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Mercer — Born Matthew Christopher Miller June 29, 1982 (1982 06 29) (age 29) Palm Beach Gardens, Florida Other names Matt Miller, Masamune Miller Occupation Actor/Voice Actor/Writer/Director …   Wikipedia

  • Electoral results for the Division of Hunter — This is a list of electoral results for the Division of Hunter in Australian federal elections from the division s creation in 1901 until the present.MembersElection resultsElections in the 2000sElection box begin title=Australian federal… …   Wikipedia

  • Evan Hunter — Ed McBain redirects here. For the character in The Comancheros, see The Comancheros. Evan Hunter Evan Hunter in March 2001 Born Salvatore Albert Lombino October 15, 1926(1926 10 15) New York …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Albert Mintos — The Prince Albert Mintos are a franchise in the Saskatchewan Midget AAA Hockey League (SMAAAHL). Their home rink is the Art Hauser Centre formerly Comuniplex.The Prince Albert Mintos won the Telus cup and western Canada Regionals back to back… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Mad Men episodes — Mad Men is a period drama for television created by Matthew Weiner. The series premiered on July 19, 2007 on the cable network AMC in the United States. The show is set in the 1960s and is centered around the private and professional life of Don… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”